*I have recently discovered this french Nietzsche Surrealist. He understands dreams, art and fetish to be the “outside”, the heterogeneity, intruding into our homogenized and stratified existence.
“Founder of several journals and literary groups, Bataille [examined] innumerable subjects (on the mysticism of economy, in passing of poetry, philosophy, the arts, eroticism). … some of his publications were banned. He was relatively ignored during his lifetime and scorned by contemporaries such as Jean-Paul Sartre …, but after his death had considerable influence on authors such as Michel Foucault, … and Jacques Derrida, … His influence is felt in the work of Jean Baudrillard, as well as in the psychoanalytic theories of Jacques Lacan.
“Initially attracted to Surrealism, Bataille quickly fell out with its founder André Breton, although Bataille and the Surrealists resumed cautiously cordial relations after World War II. Bataille was a member of the extremely influential College of Sociology which included several other renegade surrealists. He was heavily influenced by Hegel, Freud, Marx, Marcel Mauss, the Marquis de Sade, Alexandre Kojève, and Friedrich Nietzsche, the last of whom he defended in a notable essay against appropriation by the Nazis.
The Psychological Structure of Fascism
*I have included a piece Bataille wrote the 1930’s about the psychological and erotic structures of fascism. He witnessed the European Continent’s Social Imaginary cast away Enlightenment Liberalism in favor of Auto-Andro-Phylic Strong Men (much like 2010 America).